Pakistan has been the most unfortunate country, governed by non professional Feudals ,Capitalists and less educated legislators who mostly win the Elections by rigging , feudal influence ,power and strength , leaving little space for the poor segments of the society to exercise their right to vote for the candidates of their choice . The Practice of Exercising the vote for the deserving candidates has been a tough task for the people residing in rural areas who are heavily influenced by the Feudal lords .
These feudal lords have complete control over these poor souls and force them , mostly the small farmers and peasants , to vote for the candidates he had promised and incase of defiance , get ready for the serious consequences. The Polling Stations are controlled by the hired goons of these Feudal contesting candidates who not only pressurize the polling staff for the support of their candidate but even cast fake votes on the power of Guns . The poor polling staff receiving life threats in the station compellingly nods to the wishes of these spoons who are tasked to get support from polling staff for maximizing the chances of Success of their contesting candidates .
In this condition , the staff administering the Polling station and one or two Police security personnel could not resist to the powerful candidates who enjoy the greater support in the higher ranks of bureaucracy . Such systems have produced the worthless politicians who grease their palms when they are in power and spend the public funds on their personal luxuries forgetting those who made their access to Assemblies possible by voting in their favor .
In Pakistan , the Elections are either held before the completion of term or sometimes marred by the Coup D’états as the history reflects the story . Pakistan has been ruled more by the Marshal Law Administers than by the Elected Democratic forces. The Election in Pakistan is contested by various parties in the various provinces. Some parties such as PML (N) , Pakistan People’s Party Parliamentarians have majority at federal level where as the some parties have majority at Provincial level . For instance, the Parties such as ANP and JUI-F had massive majority in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in previous term of Pakistan People’s Party Parliamentarian led Government but after May 11 2013 Elections PTI gained thumping popularity by winning the maximum number of seats in the General Elections and has become the third largest party in terms of seats in Pakistan after PML(N) and PPPP.
The PTI has also impressive representation in National Assembly, Punjab Assembly and Sindh Assembly as well. Led by Former Cricketer Imran Khan , PTI has evolved into a well organized Party specially for youth of Pakistan . Until 2013, there were only two party rule with majority. But in may 11 Elections last year , PTI emerged as victorious party with simple majority in KPK to form the Government with Moderate religious Party Jamaat Islami in the Terrorist hit and Drone engulfed Province . PPP has always won the most seats in Sindh followed by Urban influenced MQM and PML-Functional . In Punjab , its PML –N and PML-Q to appear victorious but in last elections PML-N was given the clean chit in Punjab to grab the maximum seats . Though the PTI protested against the rigging in the constituencies of Lahore and carried demonstrations but to no avail .
The Baluchistan always gives mix response where no party gets simple majority in the province and forms Government with other coalition partners but the PML-N Chief Mian Nawaz Shareef gave the chance to nationalists of BNP to form the government with PML-N and other parties There are several parties registered with Election Commission of Pakistan but they are not deep rooted as compared to ,main stream parties such as PML –N , PPPP, MQM , PTI , MNP , PML-F , PkMAP and PML-Q . Though the nationalists in Baluchistan contest the general Elections but in Sindh It was very first time that the national parties such as SUP , STP and QAT contested Elections last year but could not win any seat even though they had an alliance.
The Last year Election were a bit change as compared to previous elections as voters were required to place their thumb impressions and CNIC number on the ballot papers on the reserved part of the Ballot paper which was held for record purposes but the other portion of the ballot paper which was given to the voters , did not carry both the thumb impression and CNIC number thus making the whole process questionable and deliberately the possibility of rigging appeared . The PTI even went on to say that the Whole Elections were rigged and demanded re-elections but the demand was put down when they formed their Government in KPK .
Moreover , the fake Degree holding Legislators were first disqualified and then permitted to contest elections making adverse effect upon the future elections taking the fake degree issue into consideration . If you are allowing those who made false statement of their qualifications and submitted bogus degrees to Election Commission ,then how could you expect a Good governance from the candidates . Everybody will raise fingers upon them as they cannot be sincere to the nation whose precious votes were hijacked by the candidate holding fake degree .
The Fake Degree holders should have been given the exemplary punishment and a life time ban on their candidature for Provincial , National and Senate seats .Our neighboring country India has introduced e-voting system for making the Election free , fair and transparent then why can’t we adopt and introduce such system to discourage the possibilities of the rigging and over influence . The world has been benefiting from the technology but we are not availing the services of reputed Technology giants to mock test the e-voting system . Though mock testing was done in KPK for local Government Elections which produced positive results .
As Election Commission of Pakistan is going to hold Local Bodies Election this year in Sindh , Punjab and KPK , why not give a try to the e-voting to ensure maximum transparency and further the reputation of apex election Body which is tasked to hold Local as well as General Elections . The Election Commission should mock test e-voting system in all the provinces and seek feedback from the voters about the system and arrange televised sessions for voter education and introduction of the e-voting system which will probably minimize the chances of bogus voting and rigging in the Elections . At the same time the ballot papers should carry CNIC , Thumb impression box on both parts such as the portion which is reserved for record and the portion for casting vote after stamping the election sign of the candidate of voters’ choice .
Unless the whole Election system is completely revamped and improved , the inefficient candidates will keep on making their way to the assembly whose credibility would always be questioned since systematic flaws directly affect the Governance system due non professional and less educated candidates who will miserably fail to undertake the tasks of Policy making , Legislation and ensuring good governance . These people will be at mercy of the Secretarial Staff to guide them in their operational and legislative duties .The Election commission may also contact the polling staff from NGO’s and Public as in service Staff is influenced by the candidates easily . This will greatly help minimize the rigging chances and encourage the Good Governance System after success of deserving candidates and at the same time will make whole electoral system transparent and fair .